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Country Profile Related to Rice: Cameroon
Total area (2005): 475,440km2 Responsible Ministry: Ministère de l'Agriculture et du Développement Rural (MINADER)
Population (2005): 18,532,799
Population density: 39person/km2 Research Institute: Institut de Recherche Agricole pour le
Développement (IRAD)
Population growth rate('97-'07 average.): 2.3%
Agr. Policy Paper: Stratégie de Développement du Secteur Rural (SDSR)
('97-'07 average):
Poverty rate (1990-2005 latest): 17.1%
GDP (2007):
20,644,331,520US$
GDP per capita (2005): 1,034US$
Domestic supply of staple food (2003): 3,292.2(1,000 ton)
Domestic supply of rice (2003): 338.0(1,000 ton)
GDP composition by sector (2008): Percentage of rice in a staple food (2003): 10.3%
Agriculture: 43.5%
Industry:
16.0%
Services:
40.5%
Agric. population rate (2006):
45.4%
Self-sufficiency ratio of staple food (2003): 106.3%
Self sufficiency ratio of rice (2003): 12.2%
Import value of staple food (2006): 333,098,000US$
Import value of rice (2006): 136,764,000US$
Import and Food Aid of Rice Production, Import and Food aid: 1,000 ton
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Area harvested (1,000ha) 15.0 20.4 20.4 20.5 40.0 39.7 40.2 40.6 40.0 40.0
Yield (ton/ha) 3.5 3.3 3.0 3.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.2
Production as paddy 53.2 67.5 61.3 62.0 44.5 47.2 50.0 52.9 52.0 49.0
Import (milled rice equiv.) 135.3 151.6 158.2 250.5 328.8 243.4 301.1 433.0 429.9 n.a.
Food aid in rice (milled) 2.6 2.8 - 1.7 0.4 22.5 12.7 12.3 4.9 n.a.
Supply of Rice and Consumption
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Domestic supply quantity 125.4 122.5 149.5 172.0 150.6 197.0 163.9 291.9 273.5 338.0
Food 120.2 118.4 145.5 166.6 145.1 190.7 157.7 283.8 265.8 328.9
Consumption per capita 8.8 8.4 10.1 11.3 9.6 12.3 9.9 17.5 16.0 19.3
Note: 1,000 ton for Domestic supply quantity and Food; kg/year for consumption per capita
National Rice Development Strategy:
1. Projection of Rice Production  Area: 1,000 ha;   Yield: ton/ha;   Prod. (production): 1,000 ton

Upland Lowland unirrigated Irrigated lowland Total
Year Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod.
2008
20
1.5 30 10 2.0 20 14.3 3.5 50 44 2.3 100
2013
24
2.0 48 11 2.5 28 26 5.0 130 61 3.4 206
2018
279
2.5 698 30 3.5 105 33 5.0 165 342 2.8 968
2. Need in human resources for research and outreach
Researchers with MSc/PhD Research Technicians Extension Officers
Rice Specialists Total Rice Specialists Total Rice Specialists Total

Year
full time part time full time part time full time part time

2008
8 4 12 8 6 14 33 317 350

2013
10 9 19 16 12 28 520 440 970

2018
12 10 22 10 20 30 660 537 1197
3. Strategy
Sub-sector Strategy
Seeds Seed multiplication (both foundation, and certified seeds), Selection of improved variety
Fertilizer Capacity building, improve legislative and regulatory framework, subsidy and credit
Irrigation Support producers organization in management, rehabilitation of existing facilities, new development, water management and irrigated crop cultivation
Agr. Equipment To build capacity to manufacture and repair tools and equipment, facilitate procurement
Research NERICA varieties screening adapted to respective agro-ecological conditions
Structuring Capacity development for rice farmers and extension officers. Institutionalization and professionalization
Credit Financial and advisory support in acquisition and O&M of production infrastructure and marketing
Post-harvest Establishment of processing units, repair storage facilities, information system, quality control.
Environment Follow the environemnental policies and regulations
Other 191 billion FCFA for realizing NRDS target.

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