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Country Profile Related to Rice: Madagascar
Total area (2005):587,040km2 Responsible Ministry:Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Elevage et de la Peche
Population (2005): 19,669,953
Population density: 34person/km2 Research institute:Foibe Momba ny Fiompiana ny Fambolena (FOFIFA)
Population growth rate: 2.9%
('97-'07 average.): Agr. Policy PaperPolitique de Développement Rizicole (2002), Programme Sectoriel Agricole (2008, Draft)
GDP(200?): 7,326,431,744US$
GDP per capita (2005):
271US$
Domestic supply of staple food (2003): 3,479.5(1,000 ton)
Domestic supply of rice (2003): 2,123.3(1,000 ton)
GDP composition by sector (2008): Percentage of rice in a staple food (2003): 61.0%
Agriculture: 26.0%
Industry:
15.9%
Services:
58.1%
Agric. population rate (2006):
71.6%
Self-sufficiency ratio of staple food (2003): 106.4%
Self sufficiency ratio of rice (2003): 88.0%
Import value of staple food (2006): 98,933,000US$
Import value of rice (2006): 45,849,000US$
Production, Import and Food Aid of Rice Production, Import and Food aid: 1,000 ton
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Area harvested (1,000ha) 1,203.0 1,207.5 1,209.3 1,212.7 1,216.0 1,219.4 1,238.0 1,250.0 1,291.0 1,300.0
Yield (ton/ha) 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.7 2.7 2.8
Production as paddy 2,447.0 2,570.0 2,480.5 2,662.5 2,604.0 2,800.0 3,030.0 3,393.0 3,485.0 3,596.0
Import (milled rice equiv.) 58.0 94.5 207.7 172.7 60.7 254.1 151.4 312.9 155.4 n.a.
Food aid in rice (milled) 11.6 0.9 22.8 15.4 4.7 6.7 15.8 16.7 17.4 n.a.
Supply of Rice and Consumption
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Domestic supply quantity 1,630.8 1,635.5 1,673.6 1,723.0 1,754.8 1,787.5 1,943.1 1,997.7 1,994.7 2,123.3
Food 1,215.1 1,245.3 1,294.3 1,345.0 1,397.1 1,420.1 1,563.5 1,606.6 1,627.3 1,712.7
Consumption per capita 89.8 89.3 90.1 90.8 91.6 90.3 96.6 96.4 94.9 97.1
Note: 1,000 ton for Domestic supply quantity and Food; kg/year for consumption per capita