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Country Profile Related to Rice: Mali
Total area (2005): 1,240,190km2 Responsible Ministry: Ministère de l'Agriculture
Population (2005): 12,334,168 Research institute: Institut d'Economie Rurale (IER)
Population density: 10person/km2
Population growth rate: 3.0% Agr. Policy Paper: Le Programme de Développement Economique et Social (PDES);
La Loi d’Orientation Agricole (LOA)
('97-'07 average.):
Poverty rate (1990-2005 latest): 36.1%
GDP(2007):
6,862,520,320US$
GDP per capita (2005): 392US$
Domestic supply of staple food (2003): 2,779.3(1,000 ton)
Domestic supply of rice (2003): 737.1(1,000 ton)
GDP composition by sector (2001): Percentage of rice in a staple food (2003): 26.5%
Agriculture: 45.0%
Industry:
17.0%
Services:
38.0%
Agric. population rate (2006):
53.8%
Self-sufficiency ratio of staple food (2003): 102.6%
Self sufficiency ratio of rice (2003): 84.9%
Import value of staple food (2006): 157,978,000US$
Import value of rice (2006): 45,506,000US$
Production, Import and Food Aid of RiceProduction, Import and Food aid: 1,000 ton
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Area harvested (1,000ha) 326.4 325.1 352.7 468.2 360.4 405.6 451.0 414.0 412.5 377.0
Yield (ton/ha) 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.3 1.6 2.3 2.6 2.5
Production as paddy 717.9 727.1 742.6 940.9 710.4 931.9 718.1 945.8 1,053.2 955.3
Import (milled rice equiv.) 90.2 82.4 51.9 79.0 202.8 186.6 105.1 272.1 174.2 n.a.
Food aid in rice (milled) - - 0.5 - - - 5.9 12.9 11.8 n.a.
Supply of Rice and Consumption
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Domestic supply quantity 304.0 358.5 486.5 435.5 538.0 575.6 592.3 594.0 557.3 737.1
Food 263.5 315.3 436.5 387.7 485.6 519.8 525.9 528.1 498.0 664.2
Consumption per capita 31.0 36.1 48.7 42.1 51.3 53.4 52.6 51.3 47.0 60.8
Note: 1,000 ton for Domestic supply quantity and Food; kg/year for consumption per capita
National Rice Development Strategy:
1. Projection of Rice ProductionArea: 1,000 ha; Yield: ton/ha; Prod. (production): 1,000 ton
Year Upland Rainfed Irrigated Total
Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod.
2008 138 3.0 414 14.2 2 28.4 125 6.5 809 277 4.5 1,251
2013 184 3.6 662 17.0 3 42.5 166 7.8 1,295 367 5.4 2,000
2018 245 4.1 994 20.4 3 63.9 220 8.8 1,943 486 6.2 3,000
2. Need in human resources for research and outreach
Year Researchers with Masters/PhD Agricultural Technicians Extension officers
Total Permanent staff
(rice growing)
Contractual
(rice growing)
Total Permanent staff
(rice growing)
Contractual
(rice growing)
2008 234 12 3 207 17 3 402
2013 253 14 5 212 19 5 1,200
2018 273 17 7 217 21 7 1,700
3. Strategy for Rice Production Increase
Sub-sector Strategy
Seeds
(National seed policy)
- Foundation seed to be produced by IER and multiplied by contract farmers.
- Privatization of the production and distribution of certified seeds
Phytogenetic resources - Preserve and maintenance of genetic resources for new variety development
- Construction of infrastructure (cold rooms)
- Human resources development in seed technologies
- Adoption of bills, decrees, and technical regulations
Fertilizers Provision of credit for inputs by organized producers (existing) through a network of saving and credit banks.
Post harvest & marketing Enhance competitiveness of local rice by improving storage, processing with consistent support of research institutions and development of processing sector
Irrigation &water control National Strategy for Irrigation Development (SNDI) in 1999.
More involvement of private sector for investment and beneficiaries for development
Strengthening of
research and extension
Development of improved varieties (short growth duration ) and crop production techniques; Dissemination of developed techniques
Agricultural loan A national fund for agricultural development, disaster fund, guarantee fund.

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