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Rice statistics

Country Profile Related to Rice: Uganda
Total area (2005): 241,040km2 Responsible Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries
Population (2005): 30,930,082
Population density: 128person/km2 Research institute: National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO)
Population growth rate: 3.2%
('97-'07 average.): Agr. Policy Paper: Uganda National Rice Development Strategy (UNRDS) 1st DRAFT
Poverty rate (1990-2005 latest):..
GDP (200?):
11,214,478,336US$
GDP per capita (2005): 303US$
Domestic supply of staple food (2003): 7,424.1(1,000 ton)
Domestic supply of rice (2003): 120.2(1,000 ton)
GDP composition by sector (2008): Share of rice in total staple food supply (2003): 1.6%
Agriculture: 29.0%
Industry: 24.8%
Services:
46.2%
Agric. population rate (2006):
75.8%
Self-sufficiency ratio of staple food (2003): 169.3%
Self sufficiency ratio of rice (2003): 60.5%
Import value of staple food (2006): 296,425,000US$
Import value of rice (2006): 14,800,000US$
Production, Import and Food Aid of Rice Production         Import and Food aid: 1,000 ton
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Area harvested (1,000ha) 64.0 68.0 72.0 76.0 80.0 86.0 93.0 102.0 113.0 119.0
Yield (ton/ha) 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.4
Production as paddy 90.0 95.0 109.0 114.0 120.0 132.0 121.0 153.0 154.0 162.0
Import (milled rice equiv.) 53.7 39.7 51.3 22.2 43.0 48.9 62.0 66.5 50.9 n.a.
Food aid in rice (milled) 2.7 1.0 1.7 0.6 0.2 3.3 1.6 4.2 4.2 n.a.
Supply of Rice and Consumption
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Domestic supply quantity 59.5 59.8 67.3 84.2 92.3 123.5 122.9 97.7 122.3 120.2
Food 53.2 53.3 60.5 77.3 84.6 115.4 114.1 88.5 112.6 110.3
Consumption per capita 2.6 2.5 2.8 3.4 3.6 4.8 4.6 3.5 4.3 4.1
Note: 1,000 ton for Domestic supply quantity and Food; kg/year for consumption per capita
National Rice Development Strategy:
1. Projection of Rice ProductionArea: 1,000 ha; Yield: ton/ha; Prod. (production): 1,000 ton
Year Upland Rainfed lowland Irrigated lowland Total
Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod.
2008 40 1.5-2 26 110 1.5-2 72 65 1.8-2.3 42 215 1.5-2 140
2013 70 1.5-2 46 175 1.5-2 114 115 1.8-2.3 72 360 1.5-2 231
2018 120 1.5-2 104 200 1.5-2 130 145 1.8-2.3 94 465 1.5-2 328
2. Need in human resources for research and outreach
Year Researchers with MSc/PhD Research Technicians Extension Officers
Rice Specialists Total Rice Specialists Total Rice Specialists Total
full time part time full time part time full time part time
2008 3 7 10 3 7 10 - 30 30
2013 6 14 20 6 14 20 - 60 60
2018 9 21 30 9 21 30 - 90 90
3. Strategy
Sub-sector Strategy
Seeds Genetic resources developed and maintained, Capacity building in seed production and certification
Fertilizer Development of policy on fertilizer, Improvement of farmers' access to fertilizers, Ensuring required quality of fertilizer before dissemination, Reducing cost of fertilizer
Irrigation Refurbishment of current irrigation infrastructure, Set up new irrigation infrastructure, Collaboration between water use and management stakeholders
Agr. Equipment Acquisition of agricultural machinery and equipment for land preparation, agronomy, irrigation and post harvest, Efficient utilization and maintenance of machinery and equipment
Research Increase and improve research and technology generation, Increase access and adoption of knowledge and technologies
Structuring Reinforce policy dialogue, Capacity building for agricultural officers and farmers, Improve facilities in rice development institutions, Strengthen institutional linkages and participation of stakeholders
Credit Improve Policies on agricultural finance
Postharvest Capacity building for agricultural officers, technicians, artisans and farmers, Adoption of better postharvest handling and processing techniques and equipment, Ensure adequate supply of rice to rice mills, Branding and identifying market niche that give high prices
Land tennure Reforms in land tenure and property ownership

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Country Profile Related to Rice: Tanzania
Total area (2005): 947,300km2 Responsible Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives (MAFC)
Population (2005): 40,432,163
Population density: 43person/km2 Research institute: Kilombero Agricultural Training and Research Institute (KATRIN)
Population growth rate: 2.5%
('97-'07 average.): Agr. Policy Paper: Agricultural Sector Development Strategy (ASDS)
Poverty rate (1990-2005 latest): 57.8%
GDP(2007):
16,180,884,480US$
GDP per capita (2005):
316US$
Domestic supply of staple food (2003): 7,548.5(1,000 ton)
Domestic supply of rice (2003): 631.1(1,000 ton)
GDP composition by sector (2008): Percentage of rice in a staple food (2003): 8.4%
Agriculture: 27.0%
Industry:
22.7%
Services:
50.3%
Agric. population rate (2006):
75.2%
Self-sufficiency ratio of staple food (2003): 104.8%
Self sufficiency ratio of rice (2003): 68.7%
Import value of staple food (2006): 326,564,000US$
Import value of rice (2006): 22,498,000US$
Production, Import and Food Aid of RiceProduction, Import and Food aid: 1,000 ton
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Area harvested (1,000ha) 654.5 473.9 516.9 401.1 325.9 545.5 583.3 600.0 650.0 665.0
Yield (ton/ha) 1.3 1.6 1.5 2.2 3.0 2.0 1.5 1.6 1.9 1.9
Production as paddy 849.1 778.4 782.3 868.0 985.0 1,097.0 902.0 957.0 1,206.0 1,240.0
Import (milled rice equiv.) 182.6 85.6 191.6 139.0 76.5 189.2 194.3 75.0 94.2 n.a.
Food aid in rice (milled) 14.9 15.2 16.9 21.9 - 20.1 8.8 11.5 - n.a.
Supply of Rice and Consumption
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Domestic supply quantity 471.3 474.4 482.6 542.7 595.5 625.2 678.2 608.6 586.2 631.1
Food 425.8 427.8 431.5 494.0 533.3 569.2 620.4 560.1 535.3 582.6
Consumption per capita 14.7 14.3 14.0 15.7 16.5 17.2 18.3 16.1 15.0 15.9
Note: 1,000 ton for Domestic supply quantity and Food; kg/year for consumption per capita
National Rice Development Strategy:
1. Projection of Rice ProductionArea: 1,000 ha; Yield: ton/ha; Prod. (production): 1,000 ton
Year Upland Rainfed lowland Irrigated lowland Total
Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod.
2008 136 0.5 68 490 1.0 490 54 2.5 135 680 1.0 693
2013 140 1.0 140 427 1.5 641 134 3.0 402 701 1.7 1,183
2018 150 1.6 240 372 2.0 744 214 3.8 813 736 2.4 1,797
2. Need in human resources for research and outreach
Year Researchers with MSc/PhD Research Technicians Extension Officers
Rice Specialists Total Rice Specialists Total Rice Specialists Total
full time part time full time part time full time part time
2008 20 16 36 8 2 10 500 3,371 3,871
2013 25 15 40 10 5 15 1,000 10,703 11,703
2018 30 11 41 15 5 20 2,000 13,082 15,082
3. Strategy
Sub-sector Strategy
Seeds (i) production of basic and certified rice seeds; (ii) strengthening rice seeds distribution network in the country; (iii) supporting on-farm seed production; (iv) creating awareness on available seeds of rice varieties to farmers; and (v) strengthening the capacity of public and private seed companies.
Fertilizer (i) strengthening the capacity of agro-dealers to access input credits and agribusiness skills; (ii) ensuring proper use of inputs for increased rice production and productivity; and (iii) producing and distributing of agricultural inputs vouchers
Irrigation (i) rehabilitation of traditional irrigation schemes; (ii) construction of new irrigation schemes; and (iii) construction of rain-water harvesting and storage structures.
Agr. Equipment - Promoting the use of medium size tractors, power tillers, transplanters, reapers, threshers.
- (i) promoting agro-processing of paddy and value addition technologies; (ii) strengthening capacity of post-harvest and rural based agro industries; (ii) enhancing access to and use of improved post harvest, rural travel and transport, processing, storage and marketing technologies; and (v) facilitating private sector investment in medium scale processing of rice products.
Marketing (i) warehouse receipt systems that ensures producers get better price of their produce, earn more and have reliable sources of food and income; (ii) establish strong, self supporting producer groups in which members support each other to produce, process, package and market their rice; (iii) build producer’s knowledge, skills, and confidence to improve their bargaining power; and (iv) establish wider links in the rice trade so as to be able to compete in regional and world market.
Research (a) Genetic resources conservation and use, (b) Soil health and soil fertility management, (c) Crop management and protection options, (d) Advisory services-extension, NGOs and agri-business
Credit (i) Encouragement fo farmers to form groups and associations to strengthen their bargaining power and accessibility to credits. (ii) Support of establishing contract farming scheme as one way of alleviating the lack of formal farm credit among the smallholder farmers as well as providing access to extension services, farm inputs and product markets. (iii) scaling up agricultural inputs guarantee pilot scheme, (iv) Guarantee fund

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Country Profile Related to Rice: Senegal
Total area (2005): 196,720km2 Responsible Ministry: Ministère de l'Agriculture
Population (2005): 12,411,094 Research institute: Institut sénégalais de recherches agricoles (ISRA)
Population density: 63person/km2
Population growth rate: 2.7% Agr. Policy Paper: Le Programme National d'Autosuffisance en Riz (PNAR), La Loi d'Orientation Agro-sylvo-pastorale
('97-'07 average.)
Poverty rate (1990-2005 latest): 17%
GDP(200?):
11,151,151,104US$
GDP per capita (2005):
707US$
Domestic supply of staple food (2003): 2,304.1(1,000 ton)
Domestic supply of rice (2003): 1,008.0(1,000 ton)
Percentage of rice in a staple food (2003): 43.7%
GDP composition by sector (2008): Self-sufficiency ratio of staple food (2003): 81.4%
Agriculture: 16.0%Industry: 19.4%
Services:
64.6%
Agric. population rate (2006):
71.7%
Self sufficiency ratio of rice (2003): 15.3%
Import value of staple food (2006): 407,341,000US$
Import value of rice (2006): 208,808,000US$
Production, Import and Food Aid of Rice        Production, Import and Food aid: 1,000 ton
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Area harvested (1,000ha) 45.4 95.8 86.3 87.2 76.0 87.8 81.5 97.8 85.0 79.7
Yield (ton/ha) 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.9 2.2 2.7
Production as paddy 123.5 239.8 202.3 207.0 172.4 231.8 201.7 279.1 190.5 215.2
Import (milled rice equiv.) 557.1 625.2 536.9 682.1 792.2 890.0 820.7 855.9 705.9 n.a.
Food aid in rice (milled) 9.5 8.1 23.6 16.3 11.8 13.3 19.5 13.4 10.8 n.a.
Supply of Rice and Consumption
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Domestic supply quantity 455.0 542.7 585.5 585.8 636.2 702.7 749.0 841.7 900.2 1,008.0
Food 436.1 521.9 562.4 564.9 613.0 674.0 722.0 676.8 739.0 774.4
Consumption per capita 49.5 57.6 60.5 59.2 62.5 67.0 69.9 63.8 67.9 69.3
Note: 1,000 ton for Domestic supply quantity and Food; kg/year for consumption per capita
National Rice Development Strategy:
1. Projection of Rice ProductionArea: 1,000 ha; Yield: ton/ha; Prod. (production): 1,000 ton
Year Irrigated Rainfed Total (Irrigated + Rainfed)
Senegal river Anambé Irrigated total
Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod.
2008 55 6.2 341 7.5 4.5 34 62.5 6.0 375 80 2.0 160 143 3.8 535
2010 106 6.2 655 9.5 3.8 36 115 6.0 691 90 2.5 225 205 4.5 916
2012 176 6.2 1,089 20.5 4.3 88 196 6.0 1,176 131 2.5 327.5 327 4.6 1,504
2. Strategy
Sub-sector Strategy
(1) Irrigated rice production - Senegal River Valley (Saint Louis and Matam) and Anambé (Kolda)
- Irrigation area increase through rehabilitation, recovery and new development
- Promotion of mechanization through the use of motorized thresher (ASI), through the development and promotion of rice reapers
- Improvement of the quality of domestic rice through the improvement of processing facilities
- Target yield of 6 ton/ha with cropping intensity of 1.5
(2) Rainfed rice production - Fatick, Kaolack, Tambacounda, Kolda and Ziguinchor
- Countermeasures to salinity, use of fertilizer, introduction of adapted rice varieties, micro credit, rehabilitation of research facilities.
(3) Marketing - Better marketing organization to buy, process and sell rice in shorter time
(4) Supporting measures - Pursuance of input subsity; - Development of an adapted seed policy;
- Support of promotion of by-products of rice; - Facilitation of access to credit;
- Disconnection of seasonal loans,
3. Cost Required (2009-2012): 462.7 billion FCFA (=940 million USD)
Irrigation : 214 billion FCFA (reconstruction: 15,000 ha with 300,000 FCFA/ha, rehabilitation: 20,000 ha with 600,000 FCFA/ha, new development: 65,720 ha with 3,000,000 FCFA/ha, maintenance: 4,180 ha with 362 million FCFA)
Seasonal Loan: 74.7 billion FCFA
Other cost
(land development, inputs subsidies, facility rehabilitation, mechanization support): 174 billion FCFA
Land tenure problem in Anambe solved
Comparative advantage of rice in Anambe assured
Mechanisation
Rice quality improvement (processing, new variety) 500,000 ton in 2008!!!

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Country Profile Related to Rice: Sierra Leone
Total area (2005): 71,740km2 Responsible Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Security (MAFFS)
Population (2005): 5,848,320
Population density: 82person/km2 Research institute: Rokupr Agricultural Research Centre (RARC)
Population growth rate: 3.3%
('97-'07 average.): Agr. Policy Paper: National Sustainable Agriculture Development Plan (NSADP)
Poverty rate (1990-2005 latest): 57%
GDP(200?): 1,672,188,160US$
GDP per capita (2005):
216US$
Domestic supply of staple food (2003): 698.6(1,000 ton)
Domestic supply of rice (2003): 420.3(1,000 ton)
GDP composition by sector (2001): Percentage of rice in a staple food (2003): 60.2%
Agriculture: 49.0%Industry: 31.0%
Services:
21.0%
Agric. population rate (2006):
58.9%
Self-sufficiency ratio of staple food (2003): 53.8%
Self sufficiency ratio of rice (2003): 42.1%
Import value of staple food (2006): 44,585,000US$
Import value of rice (2006): 24,533,000US$
Production, Import and Food Aid of Rice Production, Import and Food aid: 1,000 ton
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Area harvested (1,000ha) 284.8 213.1 183.2 300.0 420.0 440.0 540.0 730.0 1,000.0 630.0
Yield (ton/ha) 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0
Production as paddy 328.3 247.2 199.1 300.0 422.1 445.6 542.0 738.0 1,062.3 650.0
Import (milled rice equiv.) 150.0 150.0 100.0 125.0 242.8 141.2 18.0 80.7 90.4 n.a.
Food aid in rice (milled) 3.5 1.2 0.2 1.1 1.5 4.0 9.7 0.2 6.9 n.a.
Supply of Rice and Consumption
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Domestic supply quantity 410.1 407.0 379.8 387.7 379.7 422.2 445.1 429.5 405.9 420.3
Food 350.7 351.2 324.4 333.9 334.2 380.3 407.9 392.8 369.2 381.8
Consumption per capita 84.9 84.8 77.8 79.2 78.0 86.8 90.2 83.5 75.0 73.9
Note: 1,000 ton for Domestic supply quantity and Food; kg/year for consumption per capita
National Rice Development Strategy:
1. Projection of Rice ProductionArea: 1,000 ha; Yield: ton/ha; Prod. (production): 1,000 ton
Year Upland IVS Mangrove+Riverain Boliland Total
Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod.
2007 364 0.8 274 170 1.2 209 76 1.23 93 50 1.23 62 659 0.97 638
2013 400 1.3 500 225 2.5 563 125 2.50 313 80 1.50 120 830 1.80 1,495
2018 425 1.5 638 400 4.0 1,600 175 3.50 613 100 2.50 250 1,100 2.82 3,100
Mangrove are in 2008, 2013 and 2018 is 70,000, 100,000 and 125,00 ha, respectively.
2. Need in human resources for research and outreach
Year Researchers with MSc/PhD Research Technicians Extension Officers
Rice Specialists Total Rice Specialists Total Rice Specialists Total
full time part time full time part time full time part time
2008 18 0 18 10 5 15 300 50 350
2013 25 2 27 15 5 20 400 150 550
2018 25 5 30 20 5 25 450 150 600
3. Strategy
Sub-sector Strategy
Seeds Shifting from public sector to private one for seed production and marketing; Government institutional support for seed quality control and variety evaluation, release and withdrawal
Irrigation Flood and erosion control measures, development of both small and large scale irrigation schemes, efficient use of water resources through participatry methods, water infrastructure construction
Agr. Equipment Private sector involvement in mechanization, use of imported equipment in the intended agro-ecologies, work-oxen training, accelarating the development and local fabrication of suitable equipment for use by small scale and intermediate farmers
Research Development of high yielding varieties, on-farm storage technology development, improved post-harvest handling and processing practices to reduce crop loss, adequate funding of research bodies with specific activities with measurable goals, linkage between research and extension
Structuring Training of machinery operators and mechanics, community based participatory extension system, continuous education of frontline extension workers, communication channels and networks among researchers, extension agents and farmers
Credit Finance/credit policy for agricultural development, private lending institutions for agricultural investiment, encouraging private lending institutions for the granting of bulk loans to farmers and farmers's groups/associations
Post-harvest On-farm and off-farm storage, private sector involvement, assessment of post-hervest loss; General surveillance over the free commodity market operations, private sector marketing cooperatives, market informationm, rural road and merket constructionm, food safety
Other Public institutions domestic rice only

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Country Profile Related to Rice: Nigeria
Total area (2005): 923,770km2 Responsible Ministry:Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources
Population (2005): 147,982,941
Population density: 160person/km2 Research institute:National Cereals Research Institute (NCRI)
Population growth rate: 2.5%
('97-'07 average.): Agr. Policy Paper:National Food Security Programme
Poverty rate (1990-2005 latest): 70.8%
GDP(200?):
165,690,064,896US$
GDP per capita (2005): 752US$
Domestic supply of staple food (2003):43,619.9(1,000 ton)
Domestic supply of rice (2003):3,853.9(1,000 ton)
GDP composition by sector (2008): Percentage of rice in a staple food (2003):8.8%
Agriculture: 18.0%Industry: 50.9%
Services:
31.1%
Agric. population rate (2006):
28.1%
Self-sufficiency ratio of staple food (2003):152.2%
Self sufficiency ratio of rice (2003)58.4%
Import value of staple food (2006)1,610,064,000US$
Import value of rice (2006)295,585,000US$
Production, Import and Food Aid of Rice  Production, Import and Food aid: 1,000 ton
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Area harvested (1,000ha) 2,044.0 2,191.0 2,199.0 2,117.0 2,185.0 2,210.0 2,348.0 2,494.0 2,725.0 3,000.0
Yield (ton/ha) 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6
Production as paddy 3,275.0 3,277.0 3,298.0 2,752.0 2,928.0 3,116.0 3,334.0 3,567.0 4,042.0 4,677.4
Import (milled rice equiv.) 594.1 812.5 785.8 1,770.1 1,236.4 1,600.7 1,397.1 1,174.1 974.7 n.a.
Food aid in rice (milled) - - - - 12.5 - 10.5 - - n.a.
Supply of Rice and Consumption
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Domestic supply quantity 1,969.9 2,248.5 2,428.9 2,880.9 2,780.3 3,000.7 2,993.3 3,597.6 3,321.7 3,853.9
Food 1,749.2 1,997.6 2,155.6 2,591.3 2,487.5 2,703.2 2,695.7 3,283.8 2,978.2 3,485.7
Consumption per capita 16.5 18.3 19.2 22.5 21.0 22.2 21.6 25.6 22.7 25.9
Note: 1,000 ton for Domestic supply quantity and Food; kg/year for consumption per capita
National Rice Development Strategy:
1. Projection of Rice ProductionArea: 1,000 ha; Yield: ton/ha; Prod. (production): 1,000 ton
Year Upland Rainfed lowland Irrigated lowland Total
Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod.
2008 937 0.71 661 1,655 1.39 2,294 531 1.98 1,051 3,123 1.28 4,005
2013 985 1.01 991 2,151 1.60 3,441 685 2.30 1,575 3,821 1.57 6,008
2018 944 1.40 1,322 2,294 2.00 4,589 840 2.50 2,100 4,079 1.96 8,011
2. Need in human resources for research and outreach
Year Researchers MSc/PhD Research Technicians Extension Officers
Rice Specialists Total Rice Specialists Total Rice Specialists Facilitators (short) Total
full time part time full time part time full time
short term
part time
long term
local overseas
2008 20 10 30 15 - 15 17,760 740 116 40 18,656
2013 25 15 40 20 10 30 17,760 888 116 40 18,656
2018 30 20 50 25 15 40 8,880 518 58 20 9,476
3. Strategy
Sub-sector Strategy
Seeds Development of new varieties, use of hybrid rice, seed production & distribution by public institutional support and through community based seed systems (CBSS) , private investors involvement
Fertilizer Government's subsidy for chemical fertilizers, private sector-driven marketing & distribution and infrastructure development, increase of local production, quality control framework
Irrigation Rehabilitation/modernaization of existing irrigation schemes, development of small to medium scale diversion schemes, training for sustainable water management, ultimate ownership of beneficiary communities or cooperative societies (Water Users Association)
Agr. Equipment Low to medium scale farm machinery through all works from land preparation, crop management and harvest, incentives for demand and supply for mechanization
Research Development of appropriate post-harvest technology, genetic resource conservation, development new varieties and participatry varietal selection (PVS), integrated rice management technology, low-cost water control measures
Structuring Strengthening of linkages between research, extension, farmers and the seed system; capacity building of extension agents, farmers associations, processors,etc., reduction of extension agent/farmer from 1/10000 to 1/1000; adoption of farmers' participatry technology dissemination methods
Credit Sourcing dedicated credit fund to the smallholder farmers by the Government, use of taxes levied on imported rice be channeled to support rice production and processing
Post-harvest Deployment of a large number of harvesting and post-harvest processing facilities (mills) with trained farmers and processors; Enhancning market infrastructure, packaging size, grading and strict quality control, martket information, publicity of locally produced and processed rice
Environment Proper environmental impact assessment (EIA) before embarking on any medium to large scale irrigation projects
Other Value addition to local rice, promotion of commercial rice production through Public-Provate Partnerships (PPP), better policy environment for rice sector development

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