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Country Profile Related to Rice: Guinea
Total area (2005): 245,860km2 Responsible Ministry: Ministère de l’Agriculture, de l’Elevage, des Eaux et des Forêts (MAEEF)
Population (2005): 9,380,197
Population density: 38person/km2 Research institute: Institut de Recherche Agronomique de Guinée (IRAG)
Population growth rate ('97-'07 average.): 2.0%
Agr. Policy Paper: Politique Nationale de Développement Agricole (vision 2015)
Poverty rate (1990-2005 latest): ..%
('97-'07 average.):
GDP (2007): 4,563,586,048US$
GDP per capita (2005):
350US$
Domestic supply of staple food (2003): 1,705.4(1,000 ton)
Domestic supply of rice (2003): 786.6(1,000 ton)
GDP composition by sector (2008): Share of rice in total staple food (2003): 46.1%
Agriculture: 22.4%
Industry: 40.9%
Services:
36.6%
Agric. population rate (2006):
81.5%
Self-sufficiency ratio of staple food (2003): 96.5%
Self sufficiency ratio of rice (2003): 76.3%
Import value of staple food (2006): 115,482,000US$
Import value of rice (2006): 50,237,000US$
Production, Import and Food Aid of Rice Production, Import and Food aid: 1,000 ton
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Area harvested (1,000ha) 610.7 637.6 665.6 601.1 629.7 659.7 691.1 724.0 758.4 788.8
Yield (ton/ha) 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8
Production as paddy 1,046.2 1,092.5 1,140.8 1,033.5 1,088.7 1,146.8 1,208.0 1,272.4 1,340.3 1,401.6
Import (milled rice equiv.) 159.8 209.7 172.4 251.4 332.0 307.3 97.9 159.4 195.6 n.a.
Food aid in rice (milled) 3.3 9.8 9.4 14.2 3.7 12.1 11.3 11.5 13.1 n.a.
Supply of Rice and Consumption
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Domestic supply quantity 641.5 702.1 681.6 666.2 675.7 722.1 716.3 789.4 806.7 786.6
Food 543.2 592.0 564.3 543.9 546.3 586.7 590.9 655.1 665.6 637.7
Consumption per capita 76.7 80.8 74.9 70.4 69.2 72.9 72.0 78.4 78.2 73.5
Note:1,000 ton for Domestic supply quantity and Food; kg/year for consumption per capita
National Rice Development Strategy:
1. Projection of Rice ProductionArea: 1,000 ha; Yield: ton/ha; Prod. (production): 1,000 ton
Year Alluvial plain Mangrove Bas Fonds Upland Total
Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod.
2008 75 1.50 112 133 2.50 333 83 2.00 166 541 1.10 595 832 1.45 1,207
2013 95 2.35 222 168 2.80 470 105 2.19 230 683 1.50 1,021 1,050 1.85 1,943
2018 119 3.26 389 212 3.00 635 133 2.30 305 861 1.62 1,397 1,325 2.06 2,726
2. Phasing Strategy
Phsae 1
(- 2009):
- Support for local rice production on 76,700 ha, 83% of which are rainfed and 13% bas-fonds.
- 11,686 ton of improved seeds, 64% of which are NERICA, and 16,641 ton of mineral fertilizer to be supplied
Phase 2
(- 2013)
- Development of 50,000 ha of mangrove, 40,000 ha of alluvial plains, and 10,000 ha of bas-fond with total water control. 300,000 ha of upland are supported.
- 69,315 ton of improved seeds, and 41,601 ton of mineral fertilizer are to be used.
Phase 3
(- 2018)
- Development of 160,000 ha of which 70,000 ha each are mangrove and alluvial plains and 20,000 ha are bas-fond. 500,000 ha of upland area are also supported.
- 50,556 ton of improved seed and 83,205 ton of fertilizer are supplied.
3. Key intervention points
(1) Investment on rice production is concentrated in two large development centers of mangrove plains in lower Guinea, and alluvial plains of upper Guinea, along the Niger river and its tributaries.
(2) Development of mangrove puts emphasis on water control facilities aiming of double cropping.
(3) Development of bas-fonds to diversify activities including rice-fish farming and off-season vegetable growing.
(4) Upland rice production (NERICA) to be under intensive but sustainable system maintaining soil fertility.
(5) Strengthening of research and agricultural advisory services to improve productivity.
(6) Promotion of the use of improved varieties.
(7) Development of research based references (improved varieties, crop management plan, farm economy)
(8) Implementation of credit financing system to access to inputs
(9) Strengthening of post harvest activities through provision of rice hullers and steamers (for par-boiled rice)
(10) Storage facilities for food security and marketing.

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