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Country Profile Related to Rice: Kenya
Total area (2005): 580,370km2 Responsible Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture
Population (2005): 37,530,726
Population density: 65person/km2 Research institute: Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI)
Population growth rate: 2.6%
('97-'07 average.) Agr. Policy Paper: Kenya National Rice Development Strategy
Poverty rate (1990-2005 latest): 23%
GDP(2007):
29,508,593,664US$
GDP per capita (2005): 547US$
Domestic supply of staple food (2003): 5,256.9(1,000 ton)
Domestic supply of rice (2003): 225.8(1,000 ton)
GDP composition by sector (2007): Percentage of rice in a staple food (2003): 4.3%
Agriculture: 23.8%
Industry:
16.7%
Services:
59.5%
Agric. population rate (2006): 72.6%
Self-sufficiency ratio of staple food (2003): 87.6%
Self sufficiency ratio of rice (2003): 12.0%
Import value of staple food (2006): 342,223,000US$
Import value of rice (2006): 62,968,000US$
Production, Import and Food Aid of Rice Production, Import and Food aid: 1,000 ton
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Area harvested (1,000ha) 8.6 13.2 13.9 13.2 13.0 10.8 13.2 15.9 18.0 18.5
Yield (ton/ha) 4.8 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.9 3.6 3.6
Production as paddy 41.8 52.7 52.3 45.0 45.0 40.5 49.3 62.7 64.8 66.0
Import (milled rice equiv.) 62.7 52.1 105.7 137.5 137.8 191.7 223.2 228.7 259.1 n.a.
Food aid in rice (milled) - 0.4 - - - 5.2 0.8 3.2 7.2 n.a.
Supply of Rice and Consumption
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Domestic supply quantity 51.8 72.5 79.8 89.9 91.6 89.1 145.3 173.5 173.9 225.8
Food 48.8 70.6 78.4 85.9 88.4 87.1 142.7 170.6 171.0 221.5
Consumption per capita 1.8 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.0 2.9 4.6 5.3 5.2 6.6
Note:1,000 ton for Domestic supply quantity and Food; kg/year for consumption per capita
National Rice Development Strategy:
1. Projection of Rice Production Area: 1,000 ha; Yield: ton/ha; Prod. (production): 1,000 ton
Year Upland Lowland unirrigated Irrigated lowland Total
Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod.
2008 2 2.7 6 3 2.8 9 13 4.7 59 18 4.1 73
2013 3 3.1 9 4 3.2 13 18 5.1 93 25 4.6 115
2018 4 3.7 15 5 3.8 18 26 5.6 146 35 5.1 179
2. Need in human resources for research and outreach
Year Researchers with MSc/PhD Research Technicians Extension Officers
Rice Specialists Total Rice Specialists Total Rice Specialists Total
full time part time full time part time full time part time
2008 8 12 20 28 20 48 132 685 817
2013 16 16 32 34 26 60 145 754 899
2018 34 22 56 52 32 84 160 829 989
3. Strategy
Sub-sector Strategy
Seeds Acquire germplasm; Develop new rice varieties; Produce, multiply and distribute quality rice seeds, Private sector development, Infrastructure and equipment
Fertilizer Fertilizer marketing and distribution, Adequate supply and marketing of high quality inputs, Carry out soil health/fertility trials, Soil water relationship research, Appropriate crop rotations
Irrigation Improvement, rehabilitation, modernization and expansion of irrigation infrastructure, emphasizing gravity irrigation systems, Increase irrigation water supply through water harvesting, Build capacity in irrigation and drainage research and water management
Agr.
Equipment
Improving appropriate mechanization techniques; Research on land preparation, harvesting and post harvest equipments
Research Providing functional research and extension infrastructure; Facilitating private sector participation in technology development and transfer; Strengthening research-extension-farmer linkages; Developing, packaging, disseminating and promoting appropriate technologies; Addressing human health against malaria and water borne diseases in irrigated system; Joint research conferences /committees; Avail published documents to the stakeholders
Structuring Establishment of National Rice Stakeholders' Forum (NRSF), Regional and international linkages, collaboration and partnerships, Form producer organizations
Credit Mobilization of government and donor support with respect to technical and financial assistance, Ensuring affordable credits to farmers
Postharvest Undertake studies to determine field and storage losses, Improving harvesting timing and post harvest handling techniques, Developing and introducing harvesting and processing equipments
Marketing Development of competitive marketing channels, Stabilize rice prices in the event of oversupply
Agricultural extension Training on rice production, processing and marketing, Pamphlets, brochures and video messages, Update growers manual regularly, Field days and demonstrations
Land tenure Improving land tenure system
Capacity
building
Building adequate human resource for rice research, extension, production and agro-processing, Creating enabling environment for motivation and retention of staff in research and extension, Training for skills development.
Other Monitoring and evaluation of technology uptake and status of rice in the country

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