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Country Profile Related to Rice: Uganda
Total area (2005): 241,040km2 Responsible Ministry: Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries
Population (2005): 30,930,082
Population density: 128person/km2 Research institute: National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO)
Population growth rate: 3.2%
('97-'07 average.): Agr. Policy Paper: Uganda National Rice Development Strategy (UNRDS) 1st DRAFT
Poverty rate (1990-2005 latest):..
GDP (200?):
11,214,478,336US$
GDP per capita (2005): 303US$
Domestic supply of staple food (2003): 7,424.1(1,000 ton)
Domestic supply of rice (2003): 120.2(1,000 ton)
GDP composition by sector (2008): Share of rice in total staple food supply (2003): 1.6%
Agriculture: 29.0%
Industry: 24.8%
Services:
46.2%
Agric. population rate (2006):
75.8%
Self-sufficiency ratio of staple food (2003): 169.3%
Self sufficiency ratio of rice (2003): 60.5%
Import value of staple food (2006): 296,425,000US$
Import value of rice (2006): 14,800,000US$
Production, Import and Food Aid of Rice Production         Import and Food aid: 1,000 ton
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Area harvested (1,000ha) 64.0 68.0 72.0 76.0 80.0 86.0 93.0 102.0 113.0 119.0
Yield (ton/ha) 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.4
Production as paddy 90.0 95.0 109.0 114.0 120.0 132.0 121.0 153.0 154.0 162.0
Import (milled rice equiv.) 53.7 39.7 51.3 22.2 43.0 48.9 62.0 66.5 50.9 n.a.
Food aid in rice (milled) 2.7 1.0 1.7 0.6 0.2 3.3 1.6 4.2 4.2 n.a.
Supply of Rice and Consumption
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Domestic supply quantity 59.5 59.8 67.3 84.2 92.3 123.5 122.9 97.7 122.3 120.2
Food 53.2 53.3 60.5 77.3 84.6 115.4 114.1 88.5 112.6 110.3
Consumption per capita 2.6 2.5 2.8 3.4 3.6 4.8 4.6 3.5 4.3 4.1
Note: 1,000 ton for Domestic supply quantity and Food; kg/year for consumption per capita
National Rice Development Strategy:
1. Projection of Rice ProductionArea: 1,000 ha; Yield: ton/ha; Prod. (production): 1,000 ton
Year Upland Rainfed lowland Irrigated lowland Total
Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod.
2008 40 1.5-2 26 110 1.5-2 72 65 1.8-2.3 42 215 1.5-2 140
2013 70 1.5-2 46 175 1.5-2 114 115 1.8-2.3 72 360 1.5-2 231
2018 120 1.5-2 104 200 1.5-2 130 145 1.8-2.3 94 465 1.5-2 328
2. Need in human resources for research and outreach
Year Researchers with MSc/PhD Research Technicians Extension Officers
Rice Specialists Total Rice Specialists Total Rice Specialists Total
full time part time full time part time full time part time
2008 3 7 10 3 7 10 - 30 30
2013 6 14 20 6 14 20 - 60 60
2018 9 21 30 9 21 30 - 90 90
3. Strategy
Sub-sector Strategy
Seeds Genetic resources developed and maintained, Capacity building in seed production and certification
Fertilizer Development of policy on fertilizer, Improvement of farmers' access to fertilizers, Ensuring required quality of fertilizer before dissemination, Reducing cost of fertilizer
Irrigation Refurbishment of current irrigation infrastructure, Set up new irrigation infrastructure, Collaboration between water use and management stakeholders
Agr. Equipment Acquisition of agricultural machinery and equipment for land preparation, agronomy, irrigation and post harvest, Efficient utilization and maintenance of machinery and equipment
Research Increase and improve research and technology generation, Increase access and adoption of knowledge and technologies
Structuring Reinforce policy dialogue, Capacity building for agricultural officers and farmers, Improve facilities in rice development institutions, Strengthen institutional linkages and participation of stakeholders
Credit Improve Policies on agricultural finance
Postharvest Capacity building for agricultural officers, technicians, artisans and farmers, Adoption of better postharvest handling and processing techniques and equipment, Ensure adequate supply of rice to rice mills, Branding and identifying market niche that give high prices
Land tennure Reforms in land tenure and property ownership

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