|National Rice Development Strategy||In The News|
|Implementation of NRDS||Needs - Resource Matching|
Government Task Force Focal Point
|ZM-1||Agriculture Development Support Program|
|ZM-2||Irrigation Development Project||WORLD BANK|
|ZM-3||Rice Seed Multipliction Advisor||JICA|
|ZM-4||Emergency Rice Project||AFRICA RICE|
|ZM-5||Developing the next generation of new rice varieties for sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia||AFRICA RICE|
|ZM-6||Interspecific Hybridization Project||AFRICA RICE|
|ZM-7||PASS - Fund for the Improvement and Adoption of African Crops (including Upland Rice)||AGRA|
|ZM-8||Farm Input Support Programme (FISP)||Government of the Republic of Zambia|
|ZM-9||Food Crop Diversification Support Project Focusing on Rice Production (FoDiS-R)||JICA and MoAL, Zambia|
|ZM-10||Rice Value Chain Development Programme||DGIS (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Netherlands)|
|ZM-11||Financing Village Micro projects - (related to RESCAP)||
|ZM-12||Rural Extension Service Capacity Enhancement Project (RESCAP)||JICA|
|ZM-13||Harmonisation/ Training of Seed and Agro-Inputs Trade (Regional)|
|ZM-14||Food Reserve Agency Purchase||Government of the Republic of Zambia|
|ZM-15||Rice Value Chain Development Programme (ZRF)||SNV|
|ZM-a||Improved market access in rice producing areas|
|ZM-b||Market integration of rice sub-sector through Rice Warehouse Receipt System|
|ZM-c||Purification of existing rice admixtures, development and multiplication of improved rice varieties|
|ZM-d||Improved Seed Multiplication and Distribution Practices through decentralization of Quality Control Systems|
|ZM-e||Development of rice standards for improved marketability and competitiveness of locally produced rice|
|ZM-f||Enhancing quality of locally produced rice|
|ZM-g||Enhancing extensions services and dissemination of knowledge on rice production|
|ZM-h||Horizontal and vertical integration of stakeholders along the rice value chain|
|ZM-i||Development of Irrigation Infrastructure for Increased Rice Production in Zambia|
The second working week of NRDS revision was held in Lomé
Many countries who extended their membership to the Coalition started the revision of their NRDS at the end of phase 1 (Oct-Dec 2018). The revised strategy will cover the period of 2019-2030. Togolese Taskforce held the first working session (we call it Working Week: WW) and started the revision process, from 31st July to 4th August 2018. The Government of Togo financed an intermediary WW through a support by World Bank in Tsévié in November 2018, which produced a first draft of the revised NRDS2. Subsequently a second working week was planned with the support of CARD Secretariat. This 2nd Working Week was held outside the Ministry of Agriculture, but still in Lomé, from 26th January to 1st February 2019 at CIFEX centre. The main goal of this second Working Week with the support from CARD Secretariat was to review in details the draft document.
The starting day of the WW happened at a moment of change in Togolese Government. Mr. Harifidy Ramilison, CARD Regional consultant gave general comments on the draft of NRDS 2. For the purpose of giving ideas to complete and enrich second generation of the strategy, a presentation on other CARD countries’ experiences is made during the second WW. Mr. Ramilison presented the case of Ivory Coast rice development experience. A series of questions and answers have been done followed by discussions which focused on post-harvest challenges for Togo rice development. The consultant used this opportunity to introduce the RICE approach which was approved during the 7th CARD General Meeting and was proposed to be integrated in NRDS 2. Exchanges on each component of RICE approach was made in regards of related aspects dealt with in the first draft of NRDS 2: it was concluded by participants that most of RICE elements was taken into account into the first draft.
The next 2 days were fully devoted to review the draft of NRDS 2. Based on discussions, comments and suggestions, some adjustments have been made on the draft.
Particularly taskforce members decided to re-write two parts;
(1) Part 5.3: Strategic intervention axis related to “Governance of the sector”
(2) Part 6: “Instruments for implementing the strategy”.
It was done in the fourth day, where alignment with PNIASAN (CAADP document) were fine-tuned by the taskforce members.
Meanwhile the CARD Secretariat delegation was received by the new Minister during their staff meeting. That was a good opportunity for the Technical Coordinator of CARD Secretariat to underline its continuous support to the Togolese rice development. The ministry made a strong message to the rice taskforce representative about private sector involvement through the ministry’s “cluster approach”.
For the remaining time the whole team reviewed the sub section of “Sub-sector strategies” in the draft of NRDS 2, and agreed on some rearrangement in relation to the sub section of “Review of national rice sector”, considering that some critical information should be found at the beginning of the document.
The workshop was ended with:
(i) a review of Strategic Principles and Approach
(ii) “way forward”, giving to Togolese taskforce road map to NRDS 2 validation process and National Rice Project elaboration.
The 1st working week for NRDS revision was held in Monrovia in March 2019
Rice is a very important food crop in Liberia, the per capita rice consumption in Liberia 133kg/person/year is one of the highest in Africa. The country continues to import large quantity of rice in order to meet local demand, and this is putting much pressure on the foreign reserve. Liberia was among the second group countries of the first phase of CARD. The Liberia National Rice Development Strategy which was formulated in 2012 came to an end in 2018, therefore a new NRDS which will serve as a road map for rice sector development needs to be formulated. The objective of this working week was to guide the Task Force (TF) in formulating a new National Rice Development Strategy.
The NRDS working week was organized between 4th March and 8th March 2019 in the conference room of Japan International Cooperation Agency Liberia Office in Monrovia with 14 participants, with a CARD consultant as a facilitator. A total of 14 task force members representing various segments of the rice value chain including the private sector participated in the one-week brain storming workshop. After much deliberation, the TF members agreed to revise the current NRDS document to incorporate the missing gaps rather than developing a completely new NRDS.
Based on the general consensus to revise the current NRDS, the first day of the working week was devoted to evaluating the NRDS-1, to find out if the goals as envisaged were achieved. Thereafter the CARD consultant enumerated the expectation from the workshop after which the participants were divided into two groups for break out discussions. The template as supplied by CARD was used as a guideline for the breakout discussions.
Day 2 and 3 were devoted to group discussions. The groups carried out situational analysis of the sub-sectors that make up the rice value chain, thereafter the challenges/bottle necks that were hindering the sector from developing were identified and means of mitigating the challenges were then proposed.
Day 4, each of the two groups made presentation in a plenary for general discussions and revisions. Thereafter targets for NRDS-2 were set. In setting the target, the annual population increases (2.59%) as well as per capita consumption of 133kg/person/year were used as benchmarks. The members agreed that Liberia could be self-sufficient in rice production if a 5-fold increase is realized between 2019 and 2030 culminating in increasing paddy production to 1,343,553 MT and consumption to 855,375.2 MT (278,000 MT and 448,000 MT, in 2017 respectively). Even though the members agreed that a 5-fold increase was somehow ambitious; however they equally noted that the target for NRDS 1 was set at 1.9 fold increases, then NRDS-2 should be more progressive looking rather than retrogressive. Therefore, NRDS-2 envisioned achieving self-sufficiency through sustainable rice value chain development and the goal is to increase rice production by 5 fold by 2030. The baseline was set as 2019, mid-term review at 2025. More discussions on target setting continued on day five and the working week ended with the discussions on way forward.
The next steps are to consolidate the outcome of this workshop by the end of March, followed by preparation of a first draft of the NRDS-2 towards the end of April by the Ministry of Agriculture.
CARD Working Week for developing NRDS-2 in Rwanda
Rice was introduced in Rwanda in the late 1960s by Korean and Chinese missions. It was quickly recognized by the farmers as the only food crop that could be grown in Rwanda’s marshlands, especially during the rainy season. With the liberalisation of trade in the late 90s, the demand for rice consumption has started gaining traction; spurring intensive competition with traditional food crops such as maize, potato and cassava. Acknowledging the growing relevance of rice in food security, the Government of Rwanda has put in enormous resources in developing marshlands and distributing land to farmers for rice cultivation. Rice production has since become a major strategic avenue for poverty alleviation, economic growth and development and food security in Rwanda.
Rwanda joined the CARD initiative in 2009 and developed its first National Rice Development Strategy (NRDS-1; 2010-2018). Against an increment of 76% in consumption, the domestic rice production increased by 63% during this phase. The gap is presently filled through importation of rice grains from Asia. Such importation has not only put pressure on domestic farm gate prices of paddy, but also on the quality of the locally produced rice. Though the marshland areas under rice cultivation more than doubled under the NRDS-1, the momentum of marshland reclamation and rehabilitation has substantially slowed down in the recent years. To address the constraints in the rice sector, the government has formed a new taskforce and requested the CARD to assist in renewing the NRDS. The CARD Secretariat dispatched a consultant to provide technical assistance to the taskforce in revising the NRDS through a working week between 19th and 22nd of November 2019.
CARD activity and the results
The purpose of the working week is to apprise the current trends in rice sector development and establish a new NRDS framework (NRDS-2) for the period of 2020-2030. The taskforce members organized the working week at Ubumwe Grande Hotel in Kigali. Representatives from Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources (MINAGRI), Rwanda Agriculture Board (RAB), Marshland development project, Rwanda Standards Board, Rwanda Revenue Authority, Farmers’ Cooperatives, Rice Millers Association, JICA and Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) participated during the week.
Following a briefing on the expected outputs of the working week, the CARD consultant shared Rwanda’s rice production and consumption data parameters from National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda (NISR), FAO and United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). The participants reconciled that the data on area, production and yield from NISR and FAO; and data on consumption from USDA have better accuracy. The data confirmed that although the area under rice production increased until 2015, it has stagnated since 2016. The participants speculated that the slow-down in marshland expansion could be due to the managerial and financial difficulties of water user associations in undertaking the repair and maintenance of the irrigation infrastructures in marshlands, especially during periods of flash floods.
Analyses of data revealed that rice consumption in Rwanda has been increasing at a rate of 0.497 Kg/year between 2012 and 2019. Despite the recent increments in domestic rice production, the country has managed an average rice self-sufficiency ratio 45.0% (±1.6%) during this period. Recent CARD-AGRA market studies in Rwanda revealed that amongst the three market segments viz., (i) short grain, (ii) aromatic medium/long grain and (iii) non-aromatic medium/long grain; importation of rice is more pronounced under the non-aromatic medium/long grain segment.
Based on the projected population growth; the taskforce estimated the consumption demand. It was figured that the country would require a 3.3-fold increase in paddy production to attain self-sufficiency. However, since the overarching 4th phase of strategic plan for agriculture transformation (PSTA-4) stipulates 60,000 Ha as area under rice cultivation for 2030, the taskforce figured that on-farm productivity needs to be increased by 2.05-fold to become self-sufficient.
The taskforce members acknowledged that rising the national average of on-farm productivity from the current level of 3.51 t/Ha to 7.2 t/Ha would be less realistic, and hence set a productivity target of 6.5 t/Ha under the NRDS-2. This target would allow Rwanda to achieve a self-sufficiency rate of 90%. It was agreed that while the NRDS-2 shall focus on increasing the production of the competitive market segments (short grain and aromatic long grain) and passively admit 10% of importation under the non-aromatic segment.
In accordance with such a contour of targets, the taskforce members then established a strategic framework for development of the rice value chain under the NRDS-2. The four objectives of the NRDS-2 included (i) Enhancement of rice production and productivity through research and extension, (ii) Increasing total factor productivity and resilience of rice farms to climate change, (iii) Facilitation of sustainable and market-driven production systems, and (iv) Improvement of policy and institutional environment for increasing the private sector investments. These strategic objectives are in alignment with that of the PSTA-4, thus justifying investments in rice sector by development partners and other stakeholders within the implementation framework of the PSTA-4.
The taskforce members further elaborated major interventions, expected outcomes and mid-term (2024) and long-term (2030) indicators for tracking the progress under two of the four strategic objectives. Due to time limitations, the taskforce has agreed to continue the elaboration of the interventions and indicators for the remaining two objectives through another working week.
Going forward, the taskforce has agreed to continue the discussions on further elaboration of the strategic framework and the value chain segments. The taskforce members have decided to request the Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources, JICA and CARD for recruiting a national consultant for drafting the NRDS-2. The draft will be presented to the Agriculture Sector Working Group (ASWG); and upon ASWG’s approval, the draft will be shared with the stakeholders in the country. The taskforce has decided to press the process of validating the NRDS-2 and seek the official approval of the NRDS-2 before the start of the next fiscal year (July-2020).
|National Rice Development Strategy||In The News|
Government Task Force Focal Point
Mr DRAMMEH Essa
|GM-1||Emergency Agriculture Project||WORLD BANK|
|GM-2||NERICA rice dissemination project||AFRICA RICE|
|GM-3||Stress-tolerant rice for poor farmers in Africa and South Asia||AFRICA RICE|
|GM-4||Developing the next generation of new rice varieties for sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia||AFRICA RICE|
|GM-5||Interspecific Hybridization Project||AFRICA RICE|
|GM-6||Physiological and genetic investigation of agronomic characteristics in rice||AFRICA RICE|